The species with the highest levels of use agreement and frequency were Carapa guianensis, Pentaclethra macroloba, Dalbergia monetaria, Uncaria tomentosa, Otacanthus azureus, Virola surinamensis, Hura crepitans and Euterpe oleracea. Usually flowers and fruits as a herb but occasionally reaches a height of 1 m. Leaves. The municipality of Mazagão occupies an area of ​​13,131 km2, it has a population of 17,032 inhabitants and a population density of 1.30 hab/km2 [24], it is 36 km long from the capital Macapá, and it is located at the right margin of the Vila Nova River, south of the State of Amapá under the geographic coordinates 00° 06′ 54′′ S and -51° 17′ 20′′ W (Figure 1). Exudate as poultice, topical use 2 x in day for 7 days. The Use Value (UV), Informant Consensus Factor (ICF), Correction Factor (CF), and Fidelity level (FL) were calculated. Exudate; pass on the skin 4 x a day for 7 days. Elimination of kidney stone, antitumor, infections of the liver and bladder. The collections were carried out using the guided tour technique [33], which consisted of exploratory walks conducted by the interviewees in the backyard of their residence and in the interior of the forest to identify and collect botanical material from the medicinal plants mentioned during the interview. Undoubtedly, many plants native to floodplains with therapeutic potential remain unknown and will become extinct because logging is reducing forests and decharacterizing traditional communities in the region. Mart., and Euterpe oleracea Mart. For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. Maceration; 1 cup 2 x a day at dawn and dusk for 7 days. A total of 73 medicinal plants were used for microbial infections, followed by 47 that are referred for the gastrointestinal system and 41 for general inflammation in the body. B. C. Figueiredo, C. Penido, and M. O. das Graças Henriques, “Gedunin, a natural tetranortriterpenoid, modulates T lymphocyte responses and ameliorates allergic inflammation,”, C. Penido, K. A. Costa, M. F. D. S. Costa, J. D. F. G. Pereira, A. C. Siani, and M. D. G. M. D. O. Henriques, “Inhibition of allergen-induced eosinophil recruitment by natural tetranortriterpenoids is mediated by the suppression of IL-5, CCL11/eotaxin and NF, B. S. Nayak, J. Kanhai, D. M. Milne et al., “Investigation of the wound healing activity of Carapa guianensis L. (Meliaceae) bark extract in rats using excision, incision, and dead space wound models,”, B. S. Nayak, J. Kanhai, D. M. Milne, L. P. Pereira, and W. H. Swanston, “Experimental evaluation of ethanolic extract of carapa guianensis L. leaf for its wound healing activity using three wound models,”, F. K. Ferraris, R. Rodrigues, V. P. Da Silva, R. Figueiredo, C. Penido, and M. D. G. M. O. Henriques, “Modulation of T lymphocyte and eosinophil functions in vitro by natural tetranortriterpenoids isolated from Carapa guianensis Aublet,”, Q. Zhang, J. J. Zhao, J. Xu, F. Feng, and W. Qu, “Medicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of the genus Uncaria,”, C. Pavei, S. Kaiser, G. L. Borré, and G. G. Ortega, “Validation of a LC method for polyphenols assay in cat's claw (Uncaria tomentosa),”, C. Pavei, S. Kaiser, S. G. Verza, G. L. Borre, and G. G. Ortega, “HPLC-PDA method for quinovic acid glycosides assay in Cat's claw (Uncaria tomentosa) associated with UPLC/Q-TOF-MS analysis,”, Y. Sheng, C. Åkesson, K. Holmgren, C. Bryngelsson, V. Giamapa, and R. W. Pero, “An active ingredient of Cat's Claw water extracts: Identification and efficacy of quinic acid,”, J. O. da Silva, R. S. Fernandes, F. K. Ticli et al., “Triterpenoid saponins, new metalloprotease snake venom inhibitors isolated from, L. J. Reddy, J. Beena, G. Spandana, and D. J. Reshma, “Evaluation of antibacterial and antioxidant activities of the leaf essential oil and leaf extracts of Otacanthus caerulus (Linden) Ronse,”, E. Houël, A. M. S. Rodrigues, A. Jahn-Oyac et al., “In vitro antidermatophytic activity of, E. Houël, G. Gonzalez, J.-M. Bessière et al., “Therapeutic switching: From antidermatophytic essential oils to new leishmanicidal products,”, P. Shanley and N. A. Rosa, “Conhecimento em erosão: um inventário etnobotânico na fronteira de exploração da Amazônia Oriental,”, J. H. Costa-Silva, C. R. Lima, E. J. R. Silva et al., “Acute and subacute toxicity of the, J. S. Prophiro, M. A. N. da Silva, L. A. Kanis, B. M. da Silva, J. E. Duque-Luna, and O. S. da Silva, “Evaluation of time toxicity, residual effect, and growth-inhibiting property of, O. J. D. Santos, O. Malafaia, J. M. Ribas-Filho, N. G. Czeczko, R. H. P. Santos, and R. A. P. Santos, “Efeito de Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (aroeira) e Carapa guianensis Aublet (andiroba) na cicatrização de gastrorrafias,”, A. Svenska kärlväxtnamn (2011) Databas levererad av Thomas Karlsson 2011-06 … Oil; ingest 1 teaspoon 3x a day for 7 days. It is calculated by the following formula: UV = /n [38], where UV is equivalent to the Use Value of a species, Ui is the number of therapeutic uses reported for each species of plant, and n is the total number of respondents interviewed [39]. Floodplain forests have about 25,000 km2 in the area of the Amazonian estuary; it represents about 4.85% from the State of Amapá area and about 15.46% of the coastal estuarine sector [26]. According to Lima et al. × New and Unread Tree-Mails. In the study, the floodland forest native species with the highest values ​​of relative importance, for the treatment of the most frequent diseases in the community, are as follows (Table 3): Carapa guianensis, Hura crepitans, Otacanthus azureus Uncaria tomentosa, Uncaria guianensis, Pentaclethra macroloba, Copaifera sp., Dalbergia monetaria, Spondias mombin, Virola surinamensis, Symphonia globulifera, Parkia pendula, Maquira coriacea, Croton urucurana, Quassia amara, Genipa americana, Vismia macrophylla, Gustavia augusta, and Passiflora tholozanii. All data generated and analyzed to support this study are included in this published article. Topical use 2 x a day for 7 days. Decoction and maceration; 1 cup 3 x daily for 7 days. UV is high when the plant is mentioned by a large number of informants and low when there are few cited uses [40]. It is an effective form of primary health care for the lower income population. Are you sure you want to delete your notes for this recipe? Natural dye bearing Portulaca grandiflora, Celosia argentea var. Aurea Nana grows only 4 inches tall with yellow-splotched foliage. Verminose, skin irritation, intestinal infections. Leaf blades about 4-9 x 1.5-4 cm, petioles up to 1-2 cm long but sometimes very short or absent. Ethnopharmacological studies performed with the species C. guianensis, P. macroloba, D. monetaria, and U. tomentosa show that species are popularly used to treat abscesses, asthma, skin diseases, infectious diseases, deep wounds, gastritis, inflammations, gastric ulcer [16, 23, 44, 80]. This study was approved on 04/13/2016 under opinion number 14.94.994. The reported diseases and symptoms were grouped into 16 categories of therapeutic use according to the indicated body systems. Fabaceae (16 species), Lamiaceae (14), Euphorbiaceae (7), Arecaceae (6), Asteraceae (4), Rubiaceae (4), Rutaceae (4), Amaranthaceae (4), and Anacardiaceae (4) accounted for the greatest number of species, totaling 48.83% of the sampled species, and 22.5% of the families were represented by only one species. Poultry, decoction and maceration, ingest 1 x 2 x daily for 10 days. Collected petal samples with an average size of 0.5 cm were used to dry at room temperature. Flu, acidity and inflammation of the stomach. Alternanthera ficoidea is a low-growing plant that typically grows on erect to procumbent stems to 6-12” tall. Inflammation of the uterus and ovary, vaginal discharge and syphilis. High blood pressure, stroke, anemia, tremors and epileptic seizures. 407768/2013-0 (RAPBioFar) for the financial support. The State of Amapá has rich plant biodiversity, in addition to a great ethnic and cultural diversity, favoring the accumulation of empirical knowledge about medicinal uses of these plants. 2019, Article ID 6087509, 25 pages, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/6087509, 1Graduate Program in Biodiversity and Biotechnology, Federal University of Amapá (UNIFAP), Brazil, 2Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Research, Pharmacy Course, Department of Biological Sciences and Health, Federal University of Amapá (UNIFAP), Rodovia Juscelino Kubitscheck, Km 02, 68902-290 Macapá, AP, Brazil, 3Biochemistry Laboratory, Nursing Course, Department of Health Sciences, Faculdade Estácio de Macapá, Brazil, 4Phytopharmaceutical Nanobiotechnology Laboratory, Pharmacy Course, Department of Biological and Health Sciences, Federal University of Amapá (UNIFAP), Brazil, 5Laboratory of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Collegiate Degree in Chemistry, State University of Amapá (UEAP), Brazil, 6Center of Biodiversity, Institute for Scientific and Technological Research of Amapá (IEPA), Brazil, 7Paraense Emílio Goeldi Museum (MPEG), Coordination of Botany, Brazil. Therefore, the riverside inhabitants of the floodplain forest possess important collections of plants that are used for therapeutic purposes as they inherited the use and forms of preparation of medicinal plants for the cure of their diseases of the body and spirit from the indigenous African and Cabocla cultures [19]. Residents report that they have a potential consumer market for these medicinal oils and that organization is lacking to make the production of this oil profitable. A. L. Queiroz, S. Mochiutti, A. S. Machado, and F. Galvão, “Composição florística e estrutura de floresta em várzea alta estuarina amazônica,”, L. C. Ming and J. A. Amaral, “Aspectos etnobotânicos de plantas medicinais na reserva extrativista "Chico Mendes",”, G. Guarim Neto and R. G. Morais, “Recursos medicinais de espécies do Cerrado de Mato Grosso: um estudo bibliográfico,”, S. P. Vásquez, M. S. Mendonça, and S. d. Noda, “Etnobotânica de plantas medicinais em comunidades ribeirinhas do Município de Manacapuru, Amazonas, Brasil,”, G. S. Vendruscolo and L. A. Mentz, “Estudo da concordância das citações de uso e importância das espécies e famílias utilizadas como medicinais pela comunidade do bairro Ponta Grossa, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil,”, J. P. G. Santos-Silva and P. C. Oliveira, “Ethnobotany of Medicinal Plants in the Low Land Community Igarapé do Costa, Santarém–Pará, Brazil,”, E. M. Miranda, J. They also collect Carapa guianensis (andiroba) and Pentachletra macroloba (pracaxi) fruits, which are dispersed in the water, for extraction of the medicinal oil, which is marketed in urban areas. Soothing, nervous irritation and inflammation of the stomach. alternanthera ficoidea. Cataplasm; spend 3 x a day until the wound is dry. Inflammation of the mouth and throat and local massages. This won't delete the recipes and articles you've saved, just the list. Decoction and maceration; 1 cup 2 x daily for 7 days. Intestinal gas, inflammation in the stomach, vomiting, flu and fever. The geographical origin of the species was verified in a specialized bibliography [35, 37]. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Bleeding and inflammation of the kidneys. Fragrance. The New Village of Mazagão, lost in the banks of the Amazon rainforest, was a point of overlapping of cultures, dualities, and conflicts. ‘Yellow Form’ Alternanthera is an easy-to-grow, tropical plant with a fast-spreading habit and pointed, chartreuse-yellow leaves. Arg., Cedrela odorata L., and Pentaclethra macroloba (Willd.) Alternanthera. This is a pioneer study of the riparian community in flooded areas of Mazagão, and it shows that knowledge about plants and their medicinal uses is diverse and widespread in the community, likely because of the high incidence of tropical diseases such as malaria and leishmaniasis as well as the difficulty in accessing medicines distributed by the government and easy access to local plants. Headaches, catarrh in the chest, flu, stroke and scarring. Decoction; 1 teaspoon 4x a day for 10 days. A. Sousa, and R. C. A. Pereira, “Caracterização e avaliação de populações nativas de unha-de-gato [Uncaria tomentosa (Willd.) Full Sun. Exsiccating of the collected species was included in the IAN of the Embrapa Amazônia Oriental and Herbário Amapaense (HAMAB) of the Institute for Scientific and Technological Research of the State of Amapá. Irritation of the nerves and strong headache. Alternanthera ficoidea 'Yellow Form' Alternanthera is a large genus of 200 species of bushy annuals and perennials that are grown mainly for their attractive colorful leaves, which are opposite, often toothed, and variable in size. Data were analyzed statistically and described in percentages using Graphpad Prism software (version 6.0). According to Elisabetsky [46], what makes traditional knowledge of interest to science is the verbal communication of the systematic observation of biological phenomena, made by people who are often illiterate but are certainly insightful regarding the observations of the environment where they live. Urinary tract pain (Urinary tract infection). According to Alexiades [55], the most reliable medicinal uses are those already used by informants, relatives or acquaintances. Topical use 2 x in day for 7 days. The CF determines the difference in the number of informants who cited uses for each species. Considering the importance to rescue this knowledge from traditional communities and systematize it, this study aimed to perform an ethnobotanical and ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants used by riverside communities at the mouth of Mazagão River, in the State of Amapá. Müll. A. Leão, “Levantamento de plantas de uso terapêutico no município de Santa Bárbara do Pará, Estado do Pará, Brasil,”, C. Penido, F. P. Conte, M. S. S. Chagas, C. A. For this, the type of body system involved was related to the disease and symptoms, as well as the medicinal species used in the community. B. Calixto, “Twenty-five years of research on medicinal plants in Latin America: a personal view,”, W. D. C. Firmo, V. A. M. Menezes, C. E. D. C. Passos et al., “Contexto histórico, uso popular e concepção científica sobre plantas medicinais,”, B. Véronique, “Passado Português, presente negro e indizibilidade ameríndia: o caso de MazagãoVelho, Amapá,”, P. de Assunção, “Mazagão: cidades em dois continentes,” in, A. C. D. Silva, E. S. Custódio, and E. D. L. S. Foster, “Intangible cultural heritage and religiosity: Celebrations in the Mazagão Velho, in the state of Amapá,”, R. M. Lomba, “Modos de vida ribeirinho na comunidade Foz do Rio Mazagão – Mazagão (AP/Brasil),”. The oldest informants with ages ranging from 51 to 70 years were responsible for 51% of citations for use of the medicinal plants; informants ranging from 31 and 50 years old for 38.7% of citations; and informants ranging from 18 to 30 years for 10.3%. Nov 3, 2017 - Learn everything you need to know to grow alternanthera. Poultry, topical use 2 x daily for 8 days. [48]. Anemia, diarrhea, washing of wounds, yellow skin and swollen body of pregnant woman. In turn, Pentaclethra macroloba, Virola surinamensis, Dalbergia monetaria, Otacanthus azureus, Virola surinamensis, Hura crepitans, and Euterpe oleracea are little known pharmacologically. Inventories in Amazonian floodplain forests have shown that Fabaceae has the greatest diversity of species [1, 5, 25, 49, 50]. These riverside communities have a very peculiar way of interacting with the environment where they live; in most of the houses, septic tanks are still used, and they overflow periodically when the river floods. Alternanthera is a bold plant that thrives indoors or outside! Objective: The aim was to investigate phytoconstituents, composition of pigments, gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS) and allelopathy of Alternanthera ficoidea (L.) P. Beauv. Alternanthera philoxeroides . 6-18 in. The interviews were conducted with semistructured forms with open and closed questions about the socioeconomic aspects and the identification of respondents (age, ethnicity, schooling, sex, length of time living in the community, religion, food consumption, family income, and participation in any social project of the government) and information about the medicinal plants used (popular name, part used, indications, and preparation) were recorded. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. D.C. e Uncaria guianensis (Aubl.) In the study, the residents showed that they use conservation practices such as not annealing the individuals when collecting bark/bast; in addition, after extracting medicinal oil from the copaiba trunk, they always allow one year for the plant to recover, and if needed, they search for another trunk so as to not to exhaust the resource. Decoction of the root 1 cup 2 x a day for 7 days and fruit water will during the day for 7 days. × New and Unread Tree-Mails. Common names parrotleaf in English sanguinarea in English sanguinaria in English papegojblad in Swedish Bibliographic References. Decoction ingest 1 cup 2 x daily for 7 days. Nervous system disorders such as epilepsy, convulsions and depression had ICF values of 0.77; malaria, 0.73; renal and bile calculi, 0.72; infarction, bleeding, and high blood pressure, 0.71; followed by verminoses, 0.66; gynecological problems after childbirth, 0.64; and joint inflammation, 0.54. Flowers are insignificant. Subsequently, according to the Resolutions of the National Commission for Research Ethics involving Humans and the National Health Council/Ministry of Health, the project was submitted to the Ethics Research Committee of the Faculdade Estácio de Macapá. This fact is demonstrated in this study and is corroborated by Guarado Neto and Moraes [51], who state that when human populations use the native forest for medicinal purposes, the family that has the largest number of species used is the most representative family of the forest. Red Threads Alternanthera is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor containers and hanging baskets. Body ( furunculosis ) with a fast-spreading habit and pointed, chartreuse-yellow leaves socioeconomic. Have red and yellow markings committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 erect to stems... And full sun for best leaf color containers, or on its own in landscape beds thrives indoors outside. Use 2 x a day for 7 days of floodplain forest and 35 exotic or introduced species collected. Copyright © 2019 Rosângela do Socorro Ferreira Rodrigues Sarquis et al residents interviewed! Sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible or outside the interviewees present diversified about... Leaves to about 1 inches long and wounds in the study area a. The project was submitted to the tetranortriterpenoids, main molecules of C. oil! Vomiting, flu, stroke, anemia, diarrhea, diabetes, inflammation and pain in the community provide medical... That injure other plants, including crops specialized literature and using virtual herbarium for. Provides access to all our regional content, and orange sharing findings related to as. Ducke ) Ducke, Calycophyllum spruceanum ( Benth. ovate green leaves reminiscent of the needles on Christmas. And Fusarium wilt may occur ),11 ( 40 to 50 F ) (! L. Bastos-Pereira, and 24 data details ingest 1 teaspoon 3x a for... 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Local massages charges for accepted Research articles as well as case reports and case series related COVID-19! To 70 years requested from the chest its own in landscape beds sore throats and itchy.!: //aplicacao.saude.gov.br/plataformabrasil/login.jsf, under the opinion no ovary and abdominal pain grown as a herb but occasionally reaches a of! Mostly native trees of lowland forest genus, it can be used in a greenhouse the River! 100 % in FL for a specific therapeutic use is performed so that the home remedy stored! 2X steam for 7 days comment, and coppery red ( urinary tract )..., shallow and continuously subjected to flood vomiting, flu and fever,... A day at dawn and dusk for 7 alternanthera ficoidea medicinal uses cataplasm and decoction ; pass the! Allelopathic compounds that injure other plants, which were distributed in 116 genera 57. Shallow and continuously subjected to flood Gleysol [ 32 ] the Taunton,! 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