Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ) is a martial art, combat sport, and a self defense system that focuses on grappling
and ground fighting. Brazilian jiu-jitsu was formed from early 20th century Kodokan Judo ground fighting
(Ne-Waza) fundamentals that were taught to Carlos Gracie by Master Mitsuyo Maeda. Brazilian jiu-jitsu
eventually came to be its own art through the experimentations, practices, and adaptation from the Judo
knowledge of Carlos and Hélio Gracie, who then passed their knowledge on to their extended family.
BJJ promotes the concept that a smaller, weaker person can successfully defend against a bigger, stronger
assailant by using leverage and proper technique, taking the fight to the ground – most notably by applying
joint-locks and chokeholds to defeat the other person. BJJ training can be used for sport grappling
tournaments (gi and no-gi) and mixed martial arts (MMA) competition or self-defense Sparring
(commonly referred to as “rolling”) and live drilling play a major role in training, and a premium is placed
on performance, especially in competition, in relation to progress and ascension through its ranking
Since its inception in 1882, its parent art of Judo was separated from older systems of Japanese ju-jitsu by
an important difference that was passed on to Brazilian jiu-jitsu: it is not solely a martial art: it is also a
sport; a method for promoting physical fitness and building character in young people; and, ultimately, a
way (Do) of life.